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Bowie-spaceoddity.jpg(314 × 317 pixels, file size: 26 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)



Fair Use

Fair use rationale for Bowie-spaceoddity.jpg

  • It is believed that the use of this image on the English-language Wikipedia to illustrate an article on the audio recording in question falls under the "Non-profit educational" clause of the Fair Use doctrine currently upheld by United States law. (17 U.S.C. § 107)
  • The image is irreplaceable; a free analogue is impossible to produce as the original will be covered by copyright for the foreseeable future
  • Owing to the limited web-resolution of the image, only a small portion of a copyrighted work is used
  • For the same reasons, the portion of the copyrighted work used is of inherently lower quality than the original, reducing the risk of competitiveness and therefore the effects of this copy on the market for or value of versions held by the owner of the copyright
Non-free media information and use rationale – non-free album cover true for David Bowie (1969 album)

This is the front cover for the album Space Oddity by the artist David Bowie. The cover art copyright is believed to belong to the label, RCA Records, or the graphic artist(s).


The cover art can be obtained from RCA Records.


David Bowie (1969 album)

Portion used

The entire cover: because the image is cover art, a form of product packaging, the entire image is needed to identify the product, properly convey the meaning and branding intended, and avoid tarnishing or misrepresenting the image.

Low resolution?

The copy is of sufficient resolution for commentary and identification but lower resolution than the original cover. Copies made from it will be of inferior quality, unsuitable as artwork on pirate versions or other uses that would compete with the commercial purpose of the original artwork.

Purpose of use

Main infobox. The image is used for identification in the context of critical commentary of the work for which it serves as cover art. It makes a significant contribution to the user's understanding of the article, which could not practically be conveyed by words alone. The image is placed in the infobox at the top of the article discussing the work, to show the primary visual image associated with the work, and to help the user quickly identify the work and know they have found what they are looking for. Use for this purpose does not compete with the purposes of the original artwork, namely the artist's providing graphic design services to music concerns and in turn marketing music to the public.


As musical cover art, the image is not replaceable by free content; any other image that shows the packaging of the music would also be copyrighted, and any version that is not true to the original would be inadequate for identification or commentary.

Other information

Use of the cover art in the article complies with Wikipedia non-free content policy and fair use under the copyright law of the United States as described above.

Fair useFair use of copyrighted material in the context of David Bowie (1969 album)//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bowie-spaceoddity.jpgtrue

  1. It is used to identify and illustrate the article David Bowie (1969 album), which is the specific recording related to the cover image.

File history

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

current06:02, 25 February 2015Thumbnail for version as of 06:02, 25 February 2015314 × 317 (26 KB)Theo's Little Bot (talk | contribs)Reduce size of non-free image (BOT - disable)
06:42, 2 January 2008No thumbnail334 × 338 (37 KB)Ian Rose (talk | contribs)Resize
The following pages on the English Wikipedia use this file (pages on other projects are not listed):